Vaasthu

 

   
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Vaasthu

 
2 Vaasthu Shastra
3 Relevance of Vaasthu
4 Benefits of Vaasthu
5 Vaasthu and Natural Law
6 Ground rules for planning a house
7 Ground rules for Industries
8 Design Principles
9 Form and center
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Natural Environment and symbols
11 Shapes and form of habitat in nature
12 Rectifying with Yantras
   
  Vaasthu
   
Vaasthu- an ancient architectural tradition of India based on Vedas. Has developed its building technology on the fundamental premise that the earth or soil is a living organism out of which other living creatures and organic form emerge. Vaasthu by tradition is the life force contained within the earth. Vaasthu also means living space or dwelling space, which is on 'vaasthu'. Vaasthu is the individual site or land identified for a village or neighborhood. Vaasthu is also the building enclosure.
     
Man does not inhabit this earth alone; He inhabits 'akasham' or space. He is linked with his Shakti or energy to other energy form. He is part of a movement, a cycle of life and dealth, which is known as 'Kaala' (time). Space, Time and Energy are traditionally primed as existing in their free, unlimited state. Vaasthu experts have not only devised an order pertaining to the creation of manifested space, but have also ascertained a link between time cycle and the life of a person.
     
Vaasthu is not about magical cures but about the physical, psychological and spiritual order of the built environment and its consonance with the energies of the cosmic universe.
     
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Vaasthu Shastra

Vaasthu Shastra which means the science of the built area, is an ancient Indian architectural science. This science perfectly in tune with the natural law, lays down rules to create ideal conditions for living by connecting individual life with cosmic life. Vaasthu represents a most developed worldview in which in which humans, plants and animals live in kinship.

   
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Relevance of Vaasthu
 
Vaasthu is being increasingly used as a tool to analyze the role of a building in the health and fortunes of its inhabitants. The scientific basis of vaasthu, in terms of energy is understood now than ever before.Some traditional techniques for creating well being in the build space are:
     
I. The central courtyard:
  The central court coincides with the resting Vaasthu purusha's central body composed of lung, heart and stomach. Physically this part (of the building) offers the heart nexus or feeling center, the lung or praana center, the stomach or digestive center, and the nabhi or creative center
II. The central Energy Axis:
  The central axis known as the brahma sutra runs through every building. Psychologically, this axis which is known as 'vamsa modam' or backbone, is considered to be the core of the building and hence of importance in the health of the occupants.
III. The top Ventilator or Hot Air Vent:
  The chimney, the top ventilator, are physical representation of the vertical movement of the standing purusha, which is also the axis of the 'praana'(life force). These slits helped in the natural movement of air within the rooms of a house.
IV. Rear garden:
  In the rear is usually located a small garden with space available for animals. The private garden is the buildings connection with nature. In modern flats, this would be replaced by a sit out or terrace with potted plants. The relationship between the garden and nature is a great energy resource for its occupants.
V. Rain water catchments
  The garden is sloped and its base built a brick lined depression for rainwater to collect in. it is especially beneficial for hot, dry areas.
VI. Combining waste- water channels with a vegetable garden:
  To prevent different water from harming potable water in wells simple channels are made so that they can be used for vegetable patches.
VII. Mud walls, Lime wash, Earth Red, low-dung, Thatch:
  Festivals, holy days and seasons have been systematically demarcated for the application of lime, cow- dung and earth, red on the walls or floor as part of a ritual. Besides marking a special occasion they also help in containing white ants and rodents. Spring-cleaning is not just cleaning, but also an occasion to get rid of the negative energy.
VIII. Medicinal plants and herbs:
 

Every traditional house recommended the planting of herbs and medicinal plants (trees) as also flowers for 'puja'. These plants with their healing power and fragrance add positive energies to the environment.It is auspicious to maintain a" Thulasithara" in front of your house.

IX. Periodic fumigation of house:
  Different kinds of incenses, herbs, minerals and plants are used for cleansing the air in a house. Periodic use of different herbs, neem leaves," sambrani" incense and firewood smoke help in getting rid of mosquitoes, bacteria, micro-organisms as well as removing negative energy accumulation.
X. Importance of doors:
  The entrance of a house is one of the most powerful points. It connects the activity-based identity of the individual with his inner self, denoted by the private spaces within. Traditionally, the door would be scaled and designed for each family and would hence be unique.
XI. Verandahs as buffers and connectors:
  In the lifestyle of the families, the outer verandah not only played the part of the dust and heat collector, but also helped in the social interaction of the family.
 
Vaastu, which combines the rigor and discipline of design with the traditional perspective toward individual comfort and community linkage, is certainly relevant in a world where isolation has become commonplace.
     
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Benefits of Vaasthu
     
  1. Vaastu does not make any promise of a utopia, which holds no pain on loss failure. What can be offered if a series of manifest spares that can provide solar and comfort in times of trouble, well-being in times of distress, contentment amidst pain.
  2. Vaastu, in the built form, is the way to achieve a rhythmic inner space, which would give the necessary strength for acting in the world outside despite the pain and the problems of life
  3. A building designed with the principles of Vaasthu and numerical calculations of ayadi (receiving more and spending less energy) affects the individuals in three ways- physical, psychological /emotional, and spiritual.
     
Physical: provides comfort, ease of use, convenience achieved by paying attention to space, high, ventilation, good circulation, comforts, color, form.
 
Psychological: creates well-being, unlocks the tensions, enhances relationships inwardly and outwardly.
 
Spiritual: Awakens the urge for understanding the meaning of life and death and evokes the quest for touching something more deep within and without.
By ensuring that all three aspects of a person's life are touched, evoked, activated and harmonized, the entire universe of the spirit is opened up and made ware. This complete or holistic action is the strength of Vaasthu. Vaasthu architectural design enables to enjoy the following:
 
  1. Clarity of mind and creative thinking
  2. Problem solving ability and power to make the right decision
  3. Happiness and healthier frame of mind
  4. Mental alertness and refreshed feeling throughout the day
  5. Sound restful and refreshing sleep
  6. Full of energy and less fatigue
  7. Tranquility and peace of mind
 
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Vaasthu and Natural Law
     
Modern research has proved that the ancient science Vaasthu has a firm scientific basis. As modern science developed it began to probe to the deeper levels of Natural Law. At each level, scientists found progressively greater intelligence and power.
     
In the last decade, modern physics explored the deepest level of all the Unified Field of Natural Law. The intelligence at this level of Natural Law is the source of all the forms, and phenomena in nature. The architecture of everything in nature is finally designed from here.
     
The Natural Law has for the first time provided a building technology that will transform the way people think and feel - homes and offices by their mere design create good health, clear thinking, happiness, harmony, and prosperity for the family or business.
     
Accordingly, there is an ideal place for the living room, the kitchen, the dining rooms, and the bedrooms. It is important to place each room in the house in the proper location according to its function, so that one does not become sleepy in the dining room or hungry in the study. This is one of the many factors that are considered to ensure that every aspect of daily activity is in harmony with Natural Law.
     
Just as every part of the human body is properly placed and precisely proportioned; there is an ideal proportion for every room in the home and office for Natural Law to provide maximum support.
     
Latest research in neuro science has shed light on the fact that our Cosmic Counterparts - the sun, moon, and the planets - have a one-to-one relationship to the different parts of the brain: basil ganglia, thalamus and hypothalamus. This natural tendency to align with the cosmos has led to the concept of orienting buildings towards the east to gain the full support of the rising sun.
     
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Ground rules for planning a house
     
The following are the guidelines to design and construct a prosperous house. It is essential to understand inter prêt these ground rules and then apply.
1 . The main door of the house should preferably be located in any of the exalted positions from the Northeast corner - either from North of Northeast or from East of Northeast. Doors can also be in the South of Southeast or West of Northwest but in no case, should the main entrance be from the center of any direction. Also the main entrance or door should be avoided in all the following four directions, namely, North of Northwest, East of Southeast, South of Southwest and West of Southwest. There should not be any obstruction or water body just opposite the main entrance.
     
     
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Ground rules for Industries
     
Industrial buildings require special attention as there are multi-disciplinary activities such as financial functions clubbed with manufacturing, market conditions connected with research .In an industrial workplace there should be perfect balance in the bioelectric magnetic field inside and outside the factory/industrial unit. Following are the ground rules for industrial structures to maximize profitability and to reduce tension in business.
     
1 The North-South length of the industrial workplace (both plot and building) should be substantially larger than the East-West breadth. When this rule is applied, the perimeter of a factory projected to solar radiation is minimized and it will result in a cool, comfortable and healthy environment. An increased North-South axis also enables activities to follow an ordered and disciplined pattern.
2 The main factory building should be placed in the SouthWest zone of the factory plot and should be aligned in such a manner that the North-South axis of the structure is aligned with the geometric axis of the plot. The shape of the factory building should only be rectangular.
3 It is preferable for the administrative block to be in the Eastern sector while the main office building can be located in the Northern sector.
4 It is also advised to increase the plinth level of' the Southwest sector by about 4" to 6". The raising and loading of the Southwest can really compensate for the imbalance in matter and energy, in a factory. 18" thick walls are recommended for the Southwest zone (for both South and West walls) to balance the resultant flux arising out of the imbalanced interaction between solar flux and geomagnetic flux.
5 The roof of the factory should slope only towards the North, East and the Northeast.
6 Any sloping towards the South, West and Southwest directions will affect the financial status of the industrial unit.
7 The main gate and the main entrance of the factory should be located in the Northeastern sector, either from the Eastern Northeast or from the Northern Northeast. Providing an entrance in both these directions is most welcoming. Generally, an Eastern entry is recommended for the workers, and a Northern entry is preferable for the factory owners and executives. Where a Northeast entrance cannot e provided, the entrance can be either in the Southern. Southeast or in the Western Northwest.
8 The open spaces in the North and the East of the factory plot should be at least twice as much as those in the South and West.
9 As far as possible, openings and ventilators in the South and West zones should be minimized. The maximum number of opening should be in the East, North and Northeast sectors.
10 The office building of the factory can be best located towards the North or East of the main factory building. While constructing the office building, care should be taken that the overall open space in the East is more than that in the West, and that the overall space in the North is more dm that in the South.
11 The compound walls in the South and West side of the factory should be higher and heavier while the compound walls in the North and East should be lower and lighter.
12 The external godown for raw materials should, preferably, be placed in the Southwest corner of the factory.
13 External weighbridges are to be placed in the Central-North or Central -East portion of the factory, away from the compound wall.
14 The provision of an additional floor in the Southwest zone will also add strength to the financial position of the industry.
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The following color schemes can also improve the Vaasthu characteristics of a factory:

  • Dark and gray colors are recommended for the Southwest zone
  • Red or pink for the Southeast zone
  • Glossy white/yellow for the Northeast
  • Blue or green for the Northwest
16 Using white marble for the Northeast sector and pink or red stones in the Southeast zones will also promote energy balancing.
17 Septic tanks in the factory should be located only the Northwest zone.
18 Any water body such as an underground sump, well, borewell, etc, should preferably be located in the Northeast sector, alternatively it could be in the Eastern Sector towards North or the Northern sector towards East. In fact, exposed water bodies in the North or Northeast zones are abundant sources of positive energy as the sunlight is polarized in a transverse direction by these water surfaces. However, overhead tanks if required, are to be provided only in the West of the Southwest corner.
19 All the toilets in the factory should be located in the Northwest sector or in the Southeast sector Alliteratively; they may be also located in the Western or Southern zones. But there should not be any toilet in the East, North and Northeast sectors.
20 Heat, electric and thermal activities should be in the Southeast sector. The control room with the main electrical mains and other switchgear controls should also be located in the Southeast zone.
21 Activities involving heavy loads, heavy equipment, heavy machinery, etc. should be carried on in the Southwest sector of the factory.
22 Finished products should be stored in the Northwest zone of the factory. This will facilitate movement of these products to the market faster.
23 Accounts and legal activity can be carried out in the Eastern sector.
24 Research and development department should ideally be situated in the Northeast zone (Eeshanya). A factory temple or a prayer hall, if necessary, can be located in the Northeastern sector, with the height being lower than the main factory building.
25 Senior and important executives should face the North (Kubera) with there sitting position in the Southwest zone; whereas staff and workers should face East (Indira).
     
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Design Principles
     
In the field of Vaasthu, three principles of design one paramount. They include:
     
a) Bhogadyam (suitable for the purpose):
  The designed products must be useful, lend itself to easy application. For example, a house must have ample space for storage of articles and facilities for cleaning.
b) Sukha Darsham (pleasing to the eye):
  The designed product must be aesthetically pleasing. The proportion of windows and doors, the size of rooms, the rhythm of projections and depressions play a critical role in the aesthetics of form.
c) Ramya (should provide sense of well being):
  The designed products should evoke a feeling of well-being and contentment in its user.
  Picture of Jassim House, Mumbai, India e.g.: Traditional elements in a residence.
     
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Form and center
     
Within the suggested form many centers (foci) must be established in a space meant for many people. If the space has a specific activity, then gathering all energies in a single center proves to be very powerful. This is possible for a place of learning, worship, manufacture and research. But in a home, a hostel, or neighborhood, several centers or shifting centers is most inspiring and motivating. These centers can be open spaces, common gathering spaces filled with herbs, healing plants and sacred water, or a religious center.
 
It is possible in the contemporary context to adapt this principle in ways suitable for present day life styles.
     
1 A square or circle for the cooking and eating zone.
2 A square or rectangle for the preparation and storage of food and clothes.
3 A square or rectangle for sleeping, washing, bathing and resting.
4 A square, rectangle or octagon for studying,
     
In the shifting centers, the relationship of each to the main center (brahmasthana) should be constantly classified.
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Natural Environment and symbols
     
Some of the associations and connections between nature and concepts for building are:
1 Lotus- water pond -environment.
2 Bird- flight- skyline.
3 Rock- earth- stillness.
     
Trees, plants, waters, the earth, the sky, are there for us to connect with-older, wiser, more in touch with eternal 'being' The method of creating connections between the occupants of a built space and their heritage through symbolism and mythology is a very significant part of the tradition.
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Shapes and form of habitat in nature
     
Any wisdom that comes down from the past should integrate the local needs and the constraints into its design solution to be effective or functional.
     
The wood and clay tiles and steep slopes give Kerala architecture its uniqueness and make it climatically suited to the west east. The Sanchi Stupa, even after so many centuries, continues to attract the viewer with its perfection of proportion and simplicity of line.
     
Orientation
     
The geographical directions have played a very significant part in the design of individual buildings and group housing in the tradition.
     
Cosmology
     
Any given physical space can be perceived in its connection with primary energies. The cosmology of the space depends a great deal on the dominant worldview of a people.
a) Mandala or Mandalam
  It is a representation of the cosmos through geometric forms where by the living space is laid out in a variety of patterns.
b) Fixed locations
  The direction in which a building is facing, the configuration of movement and the location of facilities can create infinite patterns for people to inhabit.
     
Shapes and color
     
Next shapes experimented with are square, triangle, polygon, rectangle, circle, ellipse, oval, or free form. The choice of shape would affect the management style, lifestyle and activity patterns.
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Rectifying with Yantras
     
Yantras are beautiful cosmic diagrams, pieces of art, sacred geometry that enhance nourishing, life-supporting energies in your home or business space. They also protect you from negative, disruptive energies in the environment. Proper placement of yantras is another level of acknowledging and honoring the forces of nature. The impulses of the directions, elements, and planets exert powerful subtle vibratory effects on our bodies, minds, and emotions. Yantras can assist us in being in tune with nature so that we have the support of nature rather than the experience of resistance from nature. Transcendence Design utilizes many potent yantras.
     
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